Australia was first settled by Europeans 1,600 years ago. In fewer than 400 years, Australia has achieved great triumphs and become a world leader in economic, political, cultural, and more.
Australia’s History since arrival in 1788
The arrival of the Europeans marked the beginning of Australian history. Almost 78 years ago, Captain James Cook and his crew landed on Australian shores in 1788. Today, Australia is one of the seven main territories of the British Commonwealth of Nations. The territory of Australia was claimed for its ore deposits. The British, who were traders, came to claim their part of Australia. They came in search of passes on the oceans to India and China. But it was a British Captain, Robert Pir Mullet, who united the parts of Australia into a colony called Queensland.
In 1901, there were 45,000 British residents in Australia. Many of them were employed in the colonies. One of the major colonies was New South Wales. This state of Australia was taken by the British through the Charter of a New South Wales. The British left something of themselves in the place of Australian history. They invented the helicopter, bridge over the sea and took the Kandarte people with them. There were also settlements in the Fernando Po River Valley.
The first British colony was established in New South Wales on January 26, a day that is now remembered as ” patriot’s day”. From then onwards, the British colonies in Australia were marked by the double-digit counting day of each year.
Australia was always inhabited from the beginning of humanity. The first people living in Australia were the indigenous people called tribes. These people used to cultivate the land by digging ditches and cultivating. When European Spaniards came to Australia, they used to conquer the Indians and introduce them to Christianity.
Australia was a member of the British Commonwealth of Nations from the time of the inception of the British Empire up to the left of the British Empire in the year 1940. It was during this time that Australia fought several going conflicts with the United Kingdom.
Australia was one of the British colonies under the United Kingdom. When a woman independent woman pressed for women’s rights, this country became one of the first and then the only country in the world to have a women’s vote.
When Australia became a republic in 1901, this country was named the island republic of Australia.
Australia was one of the only two European countries (the other being Britain) to have a parliament. Prior to 1902, the House of Representatives had been dissolved, because it was considered that it was too difficult to assemble.
Australia’s boundaries were drawn up by the Referendum of 1806, the vote which shaped the modern-day political map of Australia. The outcome of the Referendum was that the Northern Territory boundary lines were retained, while the rest of Australia was divided into six states. The two states that formed the mainland, Victoria, and Queensland, were joined to form the new Western Australia. The result was later ruled by Queen Elizabeth I of England as the first Queen of Australia.
In 1901, by the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, the New South Wales Highway Act came into force, although the High Court of Australia had already declared the Highway Act unconstitutional a year earlier. The famous mining engineer, James Annan, lived in Melbourne and drove on Melbourne roads. The first Australian Bank opened its doors in the city of Melbourne.
The city of Melbourne’s planning history began in 1835 when a commission of three persons, namely Dr. Thomas Scott, Mr. Mohanivable Raja, and Mr. John Batman, rejected the original plan for the city’s development, preferring instead the development of an urban city.
The Yammer dam was commissioned in 1885. After a 33-year maintenance and construction period, the dam was finally opened to the public in February 1886. The Yammer dam was Australia’s first Hoover Dam.
Australia’s first self-acting self-winding clock was commissioned by George Alexander Graham Bell, after he witnessed a watch self-acting by French watchmaker, Thresher.
In 1854, pastoralist John Adam produced a timepiece, the first of its kind in Australia. The timepiece was constructed using stepladders and undertaking article sweep measure, completed at Stockton on July 25, 1854, it was 70 inches long, 15 inches wide, and 8 inches high. The timekeeping device was the second mechanical clock in the world.
John Adams received the telegraph from London in 1851. It had success – after a hundred and ten years – and reports of the time were eagerly awaited at London. But the enthusiasm greatly died down a year later when it was reported that the telegraph line was already being sold.
The first self-acting clock was designed and patented by James A. Crowell, an American clockmaker.